Vertigo is a sensation caused by an imbalance in the signals from the body’s sensory balance organs, including the eyes and inner ears, or by the way these signals are interpreted by the brain. It is commonly perceived as dizziness, instability or a feeling of rotation and is often associated with lack of balance, nausea and vomiting. Vertigo is caused by a wide number of underlying causes and conditions, including benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, vestibular neuropathy, vertebrobasilar insufficiency, vestibular migraine and Menière’s disease. Vertigo is a common condition, responsible for approximately 70 000 hospital admissions in Sweden each year. It is estimated that 10% of the population will experience dysfunction of a balance organ or its connection to the brain over their lifetime.